Psychology Today nailed it!

Politics and religion: two polarizing topics that deserve their own little place
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Psychology Today nailed it!

Post by pulitzerdave » May 23rd, 2020, 11:08 am

An Analysis of Trump Supporters Has Identified 5 Key Traits
A new report sheds light on the psychological basis for Trump's support.

The lightning-fast ascent and political invincibility of Donald Trump has left many experts baffled and wondering, “How did we get here?” Any accurate and sufficient answer to that question must not only focus on Trump himself, but also on his uniquely loyal supporters. Given their extreme devotion and unwavering admiration for their highly unpredictable and often inflammatory leader, some have turned to the field of psychology for scientific explanations based on precise quantitative data and established theoretical frameworks.

In a recent review paper published in the Journal of Social and Political Psychology, Psychologist and UC Santa Cruz professor Thomas Pettigrew argues that five major psychological phenomena can help explain this exceptional political event.

1. Authoritarian Personality Syndrome

Authoritarianism refers to the advocacy or enforcement of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom, and is commonly associated with a lack of concern for the opinions or needs of others. Authoritarian personality syndrome—a well-studied and globally-prevalent condition—is a state of mind that is characterized by belief in total and complete obedience to one’s authority. Those with the syndrome often display aggression toward outgroup members, submissiveness to authority, resistance to new experiences, and a rigid hierarchical view of society. The syndrome is often triggered by fear, making it easy for leaders who exaggerate threat or fear monger to gain their allegiance.

Although authoritarian personality is found among liberals, it is more common among the right-wing around the world. President Trump’s speeches, which are laced with absolutist terms like “losers” and “complete disasters,” are naturally appealing to those with the syndrome.

While research showed that Republican voters in the U.S. scored higher than Democrats on measures of authoritarianism before Trump emerged on the political scene, a 2016 Politico survey found that high authoritarians greatly favored then-candidate Trump, which led to a correct prediction that he would win the election, despite the polls saying otherwise.

2. Social dominance orientation

Social dominance orientation (SDO)—which is distinct but related to authoritarian personality syndrome—refers to people who have a preference for the societal hierarchy of groups, specifically with a structure in which the high-status groups have dominance over the low-status ones. Those with SDO are typically dominant, tough-minded, and driven by self-interest.
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In Trump’s speeches, he appeals to those with SDO by repeatedly making a clear distinction between groups that have a generally higher status in society (White), and those groups that are typically thought of as belonging to a lower status (immigrants and minorities).

A 2016 survey study of 406 American adults published this year in the journal Personality and Individual Differences found that those who scored high on both SDO and authoritarianism were those who intended to vote for Trump in the election.

3. Prejudice

It would be grossly unfair and inaccurate to say that every one of Trump’s supporters have prejudice against ethnic and religious minorities, but it would be equally inaccurate to say that many do not. It is a well-known fact that the Republican party, going at least as far back to Richard Nixon’s “southern strategy,” used strategies that appealed to bigotry, such as lacing speeches with “dog whistles”—code words that signaled prejudice toward minorities that were designed to be heard by racists but no one else.

While the dog whistles of the past were more subtle, Trump’s are sometimes shockingly direct. There’s no denying that he routinely appeals to bigoted supporters when he calls Muslims “dangerous” and Mexican immigrants “rapists” and “murderers,” often in a blanketed fashion. Perhaps unsurprisingly, a new study has shown that support for Trump is correlated with a standard scale of modern racism.

4. Intergroup contact

Intergroup contact refers to contact with members of groups that are outside one’s own, which has been experimentally shown to reduce prejudice. As such, it’s important to note that there is growing evidence that Trump’s white supporters have experienced significantly less contact with minorities than other Americans. For example, a 2016 study found that “…the racial and ethnic isolation of Whites at the zip-code level is one of the strongest predictors of Trump support.” This correlation persisted while controlling for dozens of other variables. In agreement with this finding, the same researchers found that support for Trump increased with the voters’ physical distance from the Mexican border.
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5. Relative deprivation

Relative deprivation refers to the experience of being deprived of something to which one believes they are entitled. It is the discontent felt when one compares their position in life to others who they feel are equal or inferior but have unfairly had more success than them.

Common explanations for Trump’s popularity among non-bigoted voters involve economics. There is no doubt that some Trump supporters are simply angry that American jobs are being lost to Mexico and China, which is certainly understandable, although these loyalists often ignore the fact that some of these careers are actually being lost due to the accelerating pace of automation.

These Trump supporters are experiencing relative deprivation, and are common among the swing states like Ohio, Michigan, and Pennsylvania. This kind of deprivation is specifically referred to as “relative,” as opposed to “absolute,” because the feeling is often based on a skewed perception of what one is entitled to. For example, an analysis conducted by FiveThirtyEight estimated that the median annual income of Trump supporters was $72,000.

Is this you? If so, be ashamed.

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Post by spot2180 » May 23rd, 2020, 11:12 am

Not at all divisive, Pdavey.
"Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored." ~ Aldous Huxley
"Socialism in general has a record of failure so blatant that only an intellectual could ignore or evade it." - Thomas Sowell

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Post by Zoltar » May 23rd, 2020, 11:24 am

Dave, are you trying to be the 'human torch' here? You know the audience and will get what you most likely hoped for and deserve.

Flame on! Shame on you.

As a writer, I believe you should have added, 'bolding added by me'. We have enough of this from both sides. Your post has probably already been reported.
Win the dang day!

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Post by learnin » May 23rd, 2020, 1:27 pm

The article makes many valid points and makes distinctions that keeps it from being an ideological rant. For instance, the writer admits not all liberals are free from the authoritarian bent and not all conservatives possess the traits discussed. This article, and the Trump phenomenon, can be whittled down to one human trait. I’ll write more of this later today. Not that anyone cares, but the trait has to be discussed if human life is going to survive in any manner that would be worth living.

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Post by learnin » May 24th, 2020, 1:10 am

Evolution has given us the fear of outsiders. Tribalism is the trait that gives all of us human beings the very real possibility of becoming involved with a cult. Ideology is the offspring of tribalism. The tribe is safe. Ideology is safe because black and white is safe. A walled compound is safe, or we are inclined to feel safe, but a walled compound will soon become as corrupt and dangerous as the danger without.

As you all know, I speak from experience. When I say that Donald Trump is the dangerous leader of a cult, keep in mind that I accuse myself of having fallen victim to a cult. To my credit, I slowly began to realize the evil and took a stand that brought no little anguish to my family and myself. If you don't believe you can come under the spell of a cult, you're sadly mistaken. It can take you in, by using your good intentions, and before you know it, you're looking the other way while atrocities are being committed by the Savior. For those who are interested in the cult I removed myself from, pm me and I will give you a web site that is currently pulling off the blanket of secrecy.

We all have a vision of how a family, community, state or country should be organized and structured. We all have an idea of how our family should operate. When things don't go according to plan, it is a very disconcerting thing. When bad things happen in society, it is disconcerting. We want our community (tribe) to be peaceful and ordered. This is where the leader must come in to play. This is where the authoritarian aspect comes in to play as the article, the OP provided, pointed out.

Every tribe has a witchdoctor, elder, sage who keeps the order. When the witchdoctor is benevolent, the community works rather well. The problem is, however, that all humans have a good and bad side. When the witchdoctor is full of himself, or has a serious mental disorder, the tribe is in deep trouble.

The United States has been undergoing cultural change and deep economic problems. The economic crisis of 2008 made many Americans feel less secure. The rise of Islam. The break down of traditional family norms, with gay marriage, etc., has made many more Americans fearful. For me, in the 1970's, the breakdown and liberalization reforms, within my Church, made me become more and more conservative and ideological. I was seeking a life where things could be like they were in the "good ole days." The stage was set. The machine was put into motion. I was ripe for a savior. The huge mistake I made was forgetting that "the good ole days" were not all that good. The tribe was rotten...

The same societal evolution, within this country, has given rise to fear from those who long for the old order. The fearful blame globalism, science, newcomers, etc., for our economic problems and loss of the old security. The fearful, like myself, were ripe for the savior. So ripe that I, and them, are more than willing to overlook the warning signs along the way.

Almost every person, surrounding Trump at the beginning, have fallen from grace because they dared to stand up to the leader's madness. Tillerson, Comey, Mueller, Sessions, multiple Inspector Generals, and many others have left or been forced out. Eighty percent of Trump's A team is gone. Just yesterday, Jeff Sessions tweeted to Trump that, and I paraphrase: "I understand you're mad, but I had to recuse myself because I had to follow the law!"

I can't continue to give examples. I can only say one thing. If Trump gets full control of this country (he already has taken over the justice department), by getting the House again and four more years, it will be a disaster. My cult leader feared one thing. The law. Trump, save for Congress, IS THE LAW.

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Post by KITNooga » May 24th, 2020, 5:49 am

learnin wrote:
May 24th, 2020, 1:10 am
I can't continue to give examples. I can only say one thing. If Trump gets full control of this country (he already has taken over the justice department), by getting the House again and four more years, it will be a disaster. My cult leader feared one thing. The law. Trump, save for Congress, IS THE LAW.
as someone who lived through the BHO administration, my perspective is that you fail to see the influence of the liberal cult to which you belong. but you're clear on the influence of the conservative/DJT cult upon me and a whole passel of others?

point the finger as you will. just answer this: which direction are a significant number of the remaining fingers pointed?

when you think about it, the answer is obvious. but human nature has us ignoring 'that' and focusing/SEEING only the ONE pointed at others.

toss out tribalism as a negative/perjorative all you want. just consider how your position 'may' also be influenced and/or an outcome of just exactly 'that'.

once upon a time, far smarter people than I will ever be might have suggested: get your own house in order first.

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Post by Ksuminnesotacat » May 24th, 2020, 7:41 am

BD9265F5-391B-4A5D-BA8A-49984856552E.jpeg (69.3 KiB) Viewed 77 times
These users liked Ksuminnesotacat for the post:
Puffdad (May 24th, 2020, 9:18 am)

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Post by spot2180 » May 24th, 2020, 7:47 am

AND that one of those governors is on the short list to become president after Biden is determined unfit for office...if he wins, that is.
"Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored." ~ Aldous Huxley
"Socialism in general has a record of failure so blatant that only an intellectual could ignore or evade it." - Thomas Sowell

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Post by xtrawildcat » May 24th, 2020, 8:59 am

Ksuminnesotacat wrote:
May 24th, 2020, 7:41 am
Good thing they are not following the Trump administration reopening guidelines. They would all still be locked down.

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Post by katlander » May 24th, 2020, 9:17 am

I see this as liberal psycho babble. Just name calling under the guise of science. Basically you can call me whatever you please but it doesn't change a damn thing. I thought I would support Jeb at the first Republican debate but he came out for amnesty and I started looking for a better option. Trump started to talk and I found he was saying the things I had thought for a long time but had never heard a politician say. Maybe he is just playing us and we are a bunch of dupes falling for his BS, but I don't care, as long as he follows through and he has, for the most part. If Biden would have Trumps platform and Trump had Biden's I may even vote for that idiot. Its the friggin issues. That's just me. I'm, sure the rest of the Trump supporters are glassy eyed moonies.

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